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Help:Citing sources

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This page provides help with citing sources. Some information is taken from Wikipedia's information on citing sources, which gives the best direction on how to do it. If you already have knowledge of the <ref> tag, then there is no need to read this page.

References appear as footnotes (or numbers) at the end of a piece of text as such: [1][2] and so on. At the bottom of the page, a reference list can be found that shows the full text of these references. Clicking on one of the numbers will take you to the appropriate reference. Examples can be seen on such pages as Roy or Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones.

Adding a Reference

To insert a reference, use the following code:

<ref>Actual text of reference</ref>

To use a template or link in a reference, insert it between the ref tags. For example:

<ref>{{Cite| Quote | Character | Game}}</ref>

Insert the reference immediately after the text that calls for it, after any punctuation. For instance:

Ike is a beorc[1] and was born in Gallia. Yes check.png
Ike is a beorc,[1] as is Mist.[2] Yes check.png
Ike is a beorc[1], as is Mist[2]. X mark.png

<references/>

Once you've finished citing sources, add <references/> anywhere in the article to display the full text placed between <ref> tags above it. It is recommended to add it under a section called "References" at the bottom of the page.

On Wikipedia, references are sometimes made smaller than normal text, using the code:

<div class="references-small">
<references/>
</div>

This matter has been simplified for Fire Emblem Wiki. In fact, it is preferred to type one of the following at the end of the page:

{{subst:ref}} - For a reference section with a scroll bar.
<references/> - For a reference section without a scroll bar.

The "References" section will automatically be added if the former of these templates is used.

Different Types of References

If you are quoting a source, be sure that the quote is precise and only contains the text that is needed. For example, don't quote an entire speech in the reference if only one sentence is necessary.

Source Template to use Additional information
(See the template page for specific instructions on usage)
In-game Text {{cite}} Used to reference character quotes from the games.
Web Pages {{cite web}} Used to cite the web page where a piece of information was taken from. This is only necessary when information can be found only on that web page, such as information about certain web sites, or sourcing reviews of games.
Real People {{cite person}} Used to reference quotes made by a specific (real-life) person. This is often used for developer quotes.
Manuals {{cite manual}} Used to reference a section of text from a game manual.
Books {{cite book}} Used to reference a section of text from a book that is not a game manual.
Television Episodes {{cite episode}} Used to reference quotes from an episode of a television show. This is often often used for The Legend of Zelda TV series).

Examples

This page itself uses footnotes, such as the one at the end of this sentence.[1] If you view the source of this page by clicking "Edit this page", you can see a working example of footnotes.

Another example can be seen below:

According to scientists, the Sun is pretty big.<ref>E. Miller, The Sun, (New York: Academic Press, 2005), 23-5.</ref>
The Moon, however, is not so big.<ref>R. Smith, "Size of the Moon", Scientific American, 46 (April 1978): 44-6.</ref>

==Reference==
<references/>

which produces:

According to scientists, the Sun is pretty big.[2]
The Moon, however, is not so big.[3]

References


  1. This footnote is used as an example in the "How to use" section.
  2. E. Miller, The Sun, (New York: Academic Press, 2005), 23-5.
  3. R. Smith, "Size of the Moon", Scientific American, 46 (April 1978): 44-6.

Multiple uses of the same footnote

To give a footnote a unique identifier, use <ref name="name">. You can then refer to the same footnote again by using a ref tag with the same name. The text inside the second tag doesn't matter, because the text already exists in the first reference. You can either copy the whole footnote, or you can use a terminated empty ref tag that looks like this: <ref name="name"/>.

In the following example, the same source is cited three times.

This is an example of multiple references to the same footnote.<ref name="multiple">Remember that when you refer to the same footnote multiple times, the text from the first reference is used.</ref>

Such references are particularly useful when citing sources, if different statements come from the same source.<ref name="multiple">This text is superfluous, and won't show up anywhere. We may as well just use an empty tag.</ref>

A concise way to make multiple references is to use empty ref tags, which have a slash at the end. Although this may reduce redundant work, please be aware that if a future editor removes the first reference, this will result in the loss of all references using the empty ref tags.<ref name="multiple" />

==Reference==
<references/>

The text above gives the following result in the article:

This is an example of multiple references to the same footnote.[1]

Such references are particularly useful when citing sources, when different statements come from the same source.[1]

A concise way to make multiple references is to use empty ref tags, which have a slash at the end. Although this may reduce redundant work, please be aware that if a future editor removes the first reference, this will result in the loss of all references using the empty ref tags.[1]

References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Remember that when you refer to the same footnote multiple times, the text from the first reference is used. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "multiple" defined multiple times with different content